The Effect of Cooling Down in Easing The Symptom of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) in Students of School of Medicine Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia
Introduction: Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) refers to the skeletal muscle pain that follows eccentric exercise. The peak of intensity of soreness is at 48-72 hours and subsides within 3-4 days. Some studies showed that performing cooling down after the exercise could reduce the pain and stiffness of DOMS and some showed conversely.
Methods: Study with interventions was conducted. 69 volunteers were randomly assigned to a either group 1, group 2, and control group with 23 volunteers in each group. DOMS was induced with eight sets of eighteen steps of duck walk. Followed by 5 minutes and 10 minutes of stretching. The soreness was evaluated 48 and 72 hours post exercise.
Results: A Chi-Square test showed there is significant difference for soreness in the group that did stretching after exercise (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Cooling down can reduce the symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in female student class of 2012 at Faculty of Medicine Atma Jaya Catholic University.
Key Words: cooling down, DOMS
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