Correlation Between Physical Activity Intensity and Severity of Primary Dysmenorrhea Among Preclinical Students in the School of Medicine and Health Sciences Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia

  • Robi Irawan Atma Jaya Catholic Indonesia University
Keywords: physical activity intensity, medical students, period pain, primary dysmenorrhea

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Background: Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological problem in women and is often the cause of disturbance in daily activities. The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in Indonesia reaches 54,89 % and is most often found during productive age. A lot of factors can affect dysmenorrhea, and one of them is physical activity. Globally, about 84 % of women are said to be physically inactive. Both the high prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and the high percentage of physically incantive women are the basis for the interest in conducting this study.

Objective: To see the correlation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity.

Method: This study is an analytic cross-sectional study approach. The data was collected in August 2020 with a total of 107 respondents ranging from 17 to 22 years old in age. The data was collected by using Baecke questionnaire to assess physical activity intensity and Verbal Multidimensional Scoring System and Visual Analog Scale to determine the degree of primary dysmenorrhea.. Bivariate analysis to see the correlation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity is done using Kendall’s Tau correlation test.

Result: The results of the study show that most of the respondents experience degree 1 primary dysmenorrhea (45,8 %) and have moderate level of physical activity intensity (58,9 %). Bivariate analysis didn’t show any significant relation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity (p = 0,290)

Conclusion: There is no correlation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
1. Hoffman B, Schorge J, Halvorson K, Schaffer J, Corton M. Williams Gynecology. 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2016.
2. Smith R, Kaunitz A. Dysmenorrhea in adult women: Clinical features and diagnosis [Internet]. 2019 [cited 5 July 2019]. Available from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/primary-dysmenorrhea-in-adult-women-clinical-features-and-diagnosis
3. Lobo R, Gershenson D, Lentz G, Valea F. Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012.
4. World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. WHO Press. 2018 [cited 5 July 2019]. Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheetrecommendations/en
5. Lestari D, Citrawati M, Hardini N. Hubungan aktivitas fisik dan kualitas tidur dengan dismenorea pada mahasiswi FK UPN “Veteran” Jakarta. Majalah Kedokteran Andalas [Internet]. 2018 [cited 10 July 2019];(2). Available from: http://jurnalmka.fk.unand.ac.id
6. Dwi Silvana P. Hubungan antara Karakteristik Individu, Aktivitas Fisik, dan Konsumsi Produk Susu dengan Dysmenorrhea Primer pada Mahasiswi FIK dan FKM UI Depok Tahun 2012. Universitas Indonesia. Depok;2012.
7. Novia I, Puspitasari N. Faktor Risiko yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Dismenorea. The Indonesian Journal of Public Health. 2008;4;96-104.
8. Matthewman G, Lee A, Kaur J, Daley A. Physical activity for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2018;219(3):255.e1-255.e20.
9. Dehnavi Z, Jafarnejad F, Kamali Z. The Effect of aerobic exercise on primary dysmenorrhea: A clinical trial study. Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2018;7(1):3.
10. Joshi T, Patil A, Kural M, Noor N, Pandit D. Menstrual characteristics and prevalence of dysmenorrhea in college going girls. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2015;4(3):426.
11. Khodakarami, B., Masoomi, S., Faradmal, J., Nazari, M., Saadati, M., Sharifi, F., shakhbabaei, M. The Severity of Dysmenorrhea and its Relationship with Body Mass Index among Female Adolescents in Hamadan, Iran. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 2015; 3(4): 444-450.
12. Akbarzadeh M, Tayebi N, Abootalebi M. The Relationship between Age at Menarche and Primary Dysmenorrhea in Female Students of Shiraz Schools. Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 2017;18(9).
13. Dwiputri A. Hubungan Usia Menarche dan Lama Menstruasi dengan Dismenore Primer pada Siswi SMPN 7 Bandung. Universitas Trisakti. Jakarta; 2018.
14. Dutta DC K. DC Dutta's Textbook of Gynecology. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher (P) Ltd; 2016.
15. Physiology of the Female Reproductive System | Boundless Anatomy and Physiology [Internet]. Courses.lumenlearning.com. 2019 [cited 20 October 2019]. Available from: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-ap/chapter/physiology-of-the-female-reproductive-system/
16. Baecke Physical Activity Questionnaire/Modified Baecke Physical Activity Questionnaire [Internet]. Shirley Ryan Ability Lab. 2018 [cited 11 February 2020]. Available from: https://www.sralab.org/rehabilitation-measures/baecke-physical-activity-questionnairemodified-baecke-physical-activity
17. Andersch B, Milsom I. An epidemiologic study of young women with dysmenorrhea. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982;144:655–60.
Published
2022-08-27
How to Cite
1.
Irawan R. Correlation Between Physical Activity Intensity and Severity of Primary Dysmenorrhea Among Preclinical Students in the School of Medicine and Health Sciences Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia [Internet]. Damianus Journal of Medicine [Internet]. 27Aug.2022 [cited 5Dec.2022];21(2):127-35. Available from: https://mx2.atmajaya.ac.id/index.php/damianus/article/view/3461
Abstract viewed = 0 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 0 times