Correlation Between Physical Activity Intensity and Severity of Primary Dysmenorrhea Among Preclinical Students in the School of Medicine and Health Sciences Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia
Background: Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological problem in women and is often the cause of disturbance in daily activities. The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in Indonesia reaches 54,89 % and is most often found during productive age. A lot of factors can affect dysmenorrhea, and one of them is physical activity. Globally, about 84 % of women are said to be physically inactive. Both the high prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea and the high percentage of physically incantive women are the basis for the interest in conducting this study.
Objective: To see the correlation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity.
Method: This study is an analytic cross-sectional study approach. The data was collected in August 2020 with a total of 107 respondents ranging from 17 to 22 years old in age. The data was collected by using Baecke questionnaire to assess physical activity intensity and Verbal Multidimensional Scoring System and Visual Analog Scale to determine the degree of primary dysmenorrhea.. Bivariate analysis to see the correlation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity is done using Kendall’s Tau correlation test.
Result: The results of the study show that most of the respondents experience degree 1 primary dysmenorrhea (45,8 %) and have moderate level of physical activity intensity (58,9 %). Bivariate analysis didn’t show any significant relation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity (p = 0,290)
Conclusion: There is no correlation between physical activity intensity and primary dysmenorrhea severity.
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